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Phosphate Mining
Spring 2020

" It is horrifying that we have to fight our own government to save the environment.”Ansel Adams

KRATOM KILLS _____ ManaSota-88 fully supports the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) intent to place the active materials mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, which are the main active constituents of the plant kratom, into Schedule I of the Controlled Substance Act.

Kratom has no legitimate medical use and has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for human consumption.

The health effects of kratom is unknown, have not undergone human clinical testing, and their manufacturing and production process has no regulatory oversight.

The toxicity and purity of kratom poses a significant adverse health effect to the public.

According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), kratom abuse leads to agitation, irritability, tachycardia, nausea, drowsiness, and hypertension. Health risks found in kratom abusers include hepatotoxicity, psychosis, seizure, weight loss, insomnia, tachycardia, vomiting, poor concentration, hallucinations, and death. Furthermore, the DEA is aware of 15 kratom-related deaths between 2014 and 2016.

Kratom represents an emerging public health threat. Placing kratom into Schedule I of the Controlled Substance Act is appropriate as this will protect the public health, safety, and welfare of the citizens of the United States.

Kratom enters the United States through unknown sources, therefore, the identity, purity, and quantity of these substances are uncertain and inconsistent, posing significant adverse health risks to users. Studies which analyzed the potency of these products clearly show there were inconsistencies in the levels opioid mitragynine present in similar kratom product. Additionally, some products contained other psychoactive substances mixed in with the kratom.

Medical examiners do not routinely test for kratom, so the detrimental effects of this drug are grossly under reported.Kratom must be classified a schedule one substance of the Controlled Substance Act in order to protect the public’s health.

MOSAIC FERTILIZER, LLC TOXIC RELEASES FOR FLORIDA_____ Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC claims to have a commitment to environmental stewardship and conservation while strip mining and processing phosphate ore in Florida. Mosaic is one of the largest phosphate mining companies in the world with operations in ten countries. Mosaic is exploiting the air, land and water resources in Florida to support their multinational interests.

Until there is a link between the mining and processing of phosphate and phosphogypsum waste disposal, we will never fully realize the actual public health and environmental impact the phosphate industry has on Florida.

According to the EPA Explorer Toxic Release Inventory data, the Total On- and Off-site Disposal or Other Releases for Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC operations in Florida =

4,923,619 lbs. of reported toxins for 2015 (the most recent published dataset).

RIVERVIEW  PLANT- (HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY)             547,589 lbs.

BARTOW-MULBERRY  PLANT (POLK  COUNTY)               557,264 lbs.

NEW WALES PLANT  (POLK COUNTY)                             1,887,012 lbs.

SOUTH PIERCE PLANT (POLK COUNTY)                         1,931,754 lbs.

PHOSPHOGYPSUM GROUND WATER POLLUTION _____      The massive sinkhole that recently opened at a Mosaic Co. phosphogypsum pile at the New Wales facility in Mulberry, Florida, leaking at lease 215 million gallons of radioactive water, clearly demonstrates the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) and Mosaic are not doing enough to protect Florida’s groundwater supplies.

ManaSota-88 has requested the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) require the DEP take immediate action to ensure Florida phosphate processing companies that have violated water quality standards are brought into compliance with existing regulations or that they are closed. Responsibility for clean-up should be assumed by the violators.

To date, the major solution offered to correct existing violations by DEP is to provide the companies an extended zone of groundwater discharge where standards do not have to be met. DEP’s response has been unconscionable and must be rectified.

The wastes that are contaminating Florida’s aquifers include acids, radionuclides, arsenic, and other cancer-causing constituents. It should be noted that these wastes are not just exceeding the state's pollution standards, but exceed them by as much as an order of magnitude above applicable standards.

Given the hydrogeology of Florida, it is obvious present phosphoric acid production methods should not be permitted here.

If protection of the public had been the paramount concern of the state, the extensive contamination of our groundwater that has been permitted to take place could have been avoided. Now, if the damage can be corrected, it will be extremely expensive.

Given enough time, discharges from gypsum piles will likely violate primary and secondary groundwater standards beyond their "permitted" zones of discharge (company property boundaries).

To correct the violations will be extremely difficult if not impossible, and very expensive. Again, the State of Florida has permitted the phosphate industry to pollute the drinking water supply of 92% of all Floridians.

Additionally, ManSota-88 has requested that the DEP place an immediate ban on expansion of any phosphogypsum stack.

Phosphogypsum hazardous waste piles pollute our groundwater, leach into our rivers and bays, kill and contaminate our marine life and pollute our air.

Certainly, the need to protect human health and the environment should take precedent over any theoretical economic burden of management.

WINGATE PHOSPHATE STRIP MINE _____ Mosaic Fertilizer LLC's request to strip mine the 3,600-acre Mosaic Wingate East mine has been postponed, public hearings on the strip mine are currently scheduled for January 2017 before the Manatee County Commission.

There are numerous and significant negative aspects of the strip mine which are sufficient to deny the application for phosphate mining expansion.

Mosaic is proposing to construct a 595-acre clay settling area (CSA) within 500 feet from the Lake Manatee Watershed boundary.

The Winding Creek rural subdivision is located directly west of the proposed mine.

Mosaic proposes to mine and disturb 279 acres of land in the Peace River Water Overlay District, including 9.5 acres of isolated wetland habitats.

Mosaic proposes to impact 19,916 linear feet of natural stream channels, ditched stream channels and sloughs, 37 acres of surface water features and 649 acres of wetlands. Wetland impacts include 69 acres of wetlands with UMAM Scores of 0.70 or greater and are forested in composition.

7 Listed wildlife species have been observed on or near Wingate East Mine include: wood stork, Eastern indigo snake, crested caracara, Florida scrub-jay, bald eagle, gopher tortoise, Florida sandhill crane, gopher frog, Sherman’s fox squirrel, Florida burrowing owl, Southeastern American kestrel, Florida mouse, snowy egret, little blue heron, tricolor heron, white ibis, and American alligator.

Mosaic is proposing to impact the 25-year floodplain of an unnamed tributary of the Myakka River.

GULF OF MEXICO OIL & GAS LEASES _____ The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management(BOEM) has released the Final Supplemental Environmental lmpact Statement (ElS) for proposed Central Planning Area (CPA) Lease Sale 247. Proposed oil and gas CPA Lease Sale 247 is tentatively scheduled to be held in March 2017.

BOEM is proposing to offer for oil and gas leasing approximately 47.39 million acres within the CPA.

ManaSota-88 continues to object to the lease sale.

Americans consume 25 percent of the world's produced oil, but our nation holds less than 3 percent of the world's proven oil reserves.

As a matter of national policy, it seems strategically reckless to continue to deplete our nation's very limited oil and gas resources. Flooding the market with huge area-wide offshore oil leases will drive down the price of oil and gas leases and reduce competition. The glut of oil leases being offered will provide the oil industry an opportunity to lease large blocks of submerged lands at bargain basement prices.

 Tax-deductible contributions should be mailed to: ManaSota-88, P.O. Box 1728, Nokomis, Florida 34274