It is horrifying that we have to fight
our own government to save the environment.”― Ansel Adams
KRATOM KILLS _____ ManaSota-88 fully
supports the Drug
Enforcement Administration (DEA) intent to place the active materials
mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, which are the main active constituents of
the plant kratom, into Schedule I of the Controlled Substance Act.
has no legitimate medical use and has not been approved by the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) for human consumption.
health effects of kratom is unknown, have not undergone human clinical testing,
and their manufacturing and production process has no regulatory oversight.
toxicity and purity of kratom poses a significant adverse health effect to the
According to the Center for Disease Control
(CDC), kratom abuse leads to agitation, irritability, tachycardia, nausea,
drowsiness, and hypertension. Health risks found in kratom abusers include
hepatotoxicity, psychosis, seizure, weight loss, insomnia, tachycardia,
vomiting, poor concentration, hallucinations, and death. Furthermore, the DEA
is aware of 15 kratom-related deaths between 2014 and 2016.
Kratom represents an emerging public health threat. Placing kratom into Schedule I of the Controlled Substance
Act is appropriate as this will protect the
health, safety, and welfare of the citizens of the United States.
Kratom enters the United States through
unknown sources, therefore, the identity, purity, and quantity of these
substances are uncertain and inconsistent, posing significant adverse health
risks to users. Studies which analyzed the potency of these products clearly
show there were inconsistencies in the levels opioid mitragynine present in
similar kratom product. Additionally, some products contained other
psychoactive substances mixed in with the kratom.
Medical examiners do not routinely test for
kratom, so the detrimental effects of this drug are grossly under reported.Kratom must
be classified a schedule one
substance of the Controlled Substance Act in order to protect the public’s
MOSAIC FERTILIZER, LLC TOXIC RELEASES
FOR FLORIDA_____ Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC claims
to have a commitment to environmental stewardship and conservation while strip
mining and processing phosphate ore in Florida. Mosaic is one of the largest
phosphate mining companies in the world with operations in ten countries.
Mosaic is exploiting the air, land and water resources in Florida to support
their multinational interests.
Until there is a link between the mining and processing
of phosphate and phosphogypsum waste disposal, we will never fully realize the
actual public health and environmental impact the phosphate industry has on
According to the EPA Explorer Toxic Release Inventory
data, the Total On- and Off-site Disposal or Other Releases for Mosaic Fertilizer,
LLC operations in Florida =
4,923,619 lbs. of reported toxins for 2015 (the most
recent published dataset).
PLANT (POLK COUNTY)
NEW WALES PLANT
SOUTH PIERCE PLANT (POLK COUNTY) 1,931,754 lbs.
PHOSPHOGYPSUM GROUND WATER POLLUTION _____ The
massive sinkhole that recently opened at a Mosaic Co. phosphogypsum pile at the
New Wales facility in Mulberry, Florida, leaking at lease 215 million gallons
of radioactive water, clearly demonstrates the Florida Department of
Environmental Protection (DEP) and Mosaic are not doing enough to protect
Florida’s groundwater supplies.
ManaSota-88 has requested the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) require the DEP take immediate action to ensure Florida phosphate
processing companies that have violated water quality standards are brought
into compliance with existing regulations or that they are closed.
Responsibility for clean-up should be assumed by the violators.
To date, the major solution offered to correct existing
violations by DEP is to provide the companies an extended zone of groundwater
discharge where standards do not have to be met. DEP’s response has been
unconscionable and must be rectified.
The wastes that are contaminating Florida’s aquifers
include acids, radionuclides, arsenic, and other cancer-causing constituents.
It should be noted that these wastes are not just exceeding the state's
pollution standards, but exceed them by as much as an order of magnitude above
Given the hydrogeology of Florida, it is obvious present
phosphoric acid production methods should not be permitted here.
If protection of the public had been the paramount
concern of the state, the extensive contamination of our groundwater that has
been permitted to take place could have been avoided. Now, if the damage can be
corrected, it will be extremely expensive.
Given enough time, discharges from gypsum piles will
likely violate primary and secondary groundwater standards beyond their
"permitted" zones of discharge (company property boundaries).
To correct the violations will be extremely difficult if
not impossible, and very expensive. Again, the State of Florida has permitted
the phosphate industry to pollute the drinking water supply of 92% of all
Additionally, ManSota-88 has requested that the DEP place
an immediate ban on expansion of any phosphogypsum stack.
Phosphogypsum hazardous waste piles pollute our
groundwater, leach into our rivers and bays, kill and contaminate our marine
life and pollute our air.
Certainly, the need to protect human health
and the environment should take precedent over any theoretical economic burden
WINGATE PHOSPHATE STRIP
MINE _____ Mosaic Fertilizer
LLC's request to strip mine the 3,600-acre Mosaic Wingate East mine has been
postponed, public hearings on the strip mine are currently scheduled for
January 2017 before the Manatee County Commission.
There are numerous and significant negative aspects of
the strip mine which are sufficient to deny the application for phosphate
is proposing to construct a 595-acre clay settling
area (CSA) within 500 feet from the Lake Manatee Watershed boundary.
The Winding Creek rural subdivision is located directly
west of the proposed mine.
Mosaic proposes to mine and disturb 279 acres of land in
the Peace River Water Overlay District, including 9.5 acres of isolated wetland
Mosaic proposes to impact 19,916 linear feet of natural
stream channels, ditched stream channels and sloughs, 37 acres of surface water
features and 649 acres of wetlands. Wetland impacts include 69 acres of
wetlands with UMAM Scores of 0.70 or greater and are forested in composition.
7 Listed wildlife species have been observed on
Wingate East Mine include: wood stork, Eastern indigo snake, crested caracara,
Florida scrub-jay, bald eagle, gopher tortoise, Florida sandhill crane, gopher
frog, Sherman’s fox squirrel, Florida burrowing owl, Southeastern American
kestrel, Florida mouse, snowy egret, little blue heron, tricolor heron, white
ibis, and American alligator.
Mosaic is proposing to impact the 25-year floodplain of
an unnamed tributary of the Myakka River.
GULF OF MEXICO OIL & GAS LEASES _____ The Bureau of
Ocean Energy Management(BOEM) has released the Final Supplemental Environmental
lmpact Statement (ElS) for proposed Central Planning Area (CPA) Lease Sale 247.
Proposed oil and gas CPA Lease Sale 247 is tentatively scheduled to be held in
BOEM is proposing to offer for oil and gas leasing
approximately 47.39 million acres within the CPA.
to object to the lease sale.
Americans consume 25 percent of the world's
produced oil, but our nation holds less than 3 percent of the world's proven
As a matter of national policy, it seems
strategically reckless to continue to deplete our nation's very limited oil and
gas resources. Flooding the market with huge area-wide offshore oil leases will
drive down the price of oil and gas leases and reduce competition. The glut of
oil leases being offered will provide the oil industry an opportunity to lease
large blocks of submerged lands at bargain basement prices.
Tax-deductible contributions should be mailed
to: ManaSota-88, P.O. Box 1728, Nokomis, Florida 34274